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Grilling food on a barbecue.

Grilling food on a barbecue.
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Barbecuing food safely

6-minute read

Summer time is a great time to get together to share a meal, but it is also a time when food poisoning cases increase because of warmer temperatures.

Barbecuing food can lead to food poisoning if it is not done correctly. Food poisoning is usually mild, and most people get better within a week. But sometimes it can be more severe, even deadly, so it's important to take the risks seriously.

Over the summer, remember these simple steps to help store and cook food safely, particularly while barbecuing.

If cooking on the barbecue, the two main risk factors for food poisoning are undercooked meat and spreading germs from raw meat onto food that's ready to eat.

Raw or undercooked meat can contain germs that cause food poisoning, such as salmonella, E. coli, campylobacter and listeria.

However, these germs can be killed by cooking meat until it is piping hot throughout.

Infographic with tips for safe refrigerated storage of food and cooking tips
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Cooking meat on a barbecue

When you're cooking any kind of meat on a barbecue, such as poultry (chicken or turkey), pork, steak, burgers or sausages, make sure:

  • food is stored in a cool place
  • frozen meat is properly thawed before you cook it
  • you turn the meat regularly and move it around the barbecue to cook it evenly
  • if you are using a charcoal barbecue, coals are glowing red with a powdery grey surface before you start cooking, as this means that they're hot enough

Remember that meat such as mince, sausages and chicken is safe to eat only when:

  • it is piping hot in the centre
  • there is no pink meat visible
  • any juices are clear

Some meat, such as steaks and joints of beef or lamb, can be served rare (not cooked in the middle) as long as the outside has been properly cooked. This will kill any bacteria that might be on the outside of the meat.

A meat thermometer can remove the guesswork. Correct temperatures for common barbecue foods are:

  • chicken and turkey (whole), thighs, wings, legs and breasts: 74°C
  • minced meat, sausages: 71°C
  • fish: 63°C

Raw meat

Germs from raw meat can move easily onto your hands and then anything else you touch, including food that is cooked and ready to eat. This is called 'cross-contamination'.

Barbecues are often the scene of cross-contamination. When raw meat juices mix with cooked or ready-to-eat food this can lead to food poisoning.

Here are some tips to avoid cross-contamination:

  • Do not put cooked chicken or meat back on the same plate that contains raw juices – make sure you have plenty of clean utensils and platters.
  • Do not pour liquid that has been used to marinade raw meat or poultry on to cooked meats.
  • Store uncooked food and ready-to-eat food in separate sealed containers and keep them cold during transport to the barbecue.
  • Always wash your hands after touching raw meat.
  • Use separate utensils (plates, tongs, containers) for cooked and raw meat.

Keeping food cool

It's also important to keep some foods cool to prevent food poisoning germs multiplying. Make sure eskies are packed with enough ice/coolant to keep foods chilled.

Make sure you keep the following foods cool:

  • salads
  • dips
  • milk, cream, yoghurt
  • desserts and cream cakes
  • sandwiches
  • ham and other cooked meats
  • cooked rice, including rice salads

Always keep raw meats cold and don't leave cooked foods and salads out in the sun for more than 2 hours. Bacteria that can cause food poisoning can multiply quickly in warm to hot temperatures. If meats cooked on the barbecue are to be eaten later, make sure they are kept cold for transport back home — and then put immediately into the refrigerator.

Finally, if you are not feeling well (symptoms may include diarrhoea, vomiting, sore throat with fever, fever or jaundice and infectious skin conditions), avoid handling food and even better, consider postponing your barbecue. If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

CHECK YOUR SYMPTOMS — Use the Symptom Checker and find out if you need to seek medical help.

Barbecuing safely

Make sure your barbecue is steady on a level surface, away from plants and trees.

Cover the bottom of your barbecue with coal to a depth of no more than 5cm. Use only recognised firelighters or starter fuel, and then only on cold coals.

If you have a gas barbecue, ensure that your barbecue is serviced and maintained correctly, including scheduled pressure testing of gas cylinders and checking the condition of hoses and connections. Check the cylinder for rust or damage, and ensure any connections are correctly tightened on gas barbecues before lighting.

  • Have a garden hose or similar continuous supply of water available at all times.
  • Follow the manufacturer's instructions and use the correct start-up and shut-down procedures.
  • Only use a barbecue in a well ventilated area as emitted fumes and gases may be harmful.
  • Never use petrol on a barbecue.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: October 2020

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