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Treatments for narcissistic personality disorder (NPD)

2-minute read

It can be difficult for someone with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) to seek treatment since they generally do not recognise they have a problem. The first step to recovery is for the NPD sufferer to become aware that their behaviour is affecting their life and relationships.

Psychotherapy is the most useful treatment approach, although more research is required to determine the most effective therapies. The aim is to develop a more realistic self-image and enable the person to relate to others more positively. There are a number of models of therapy used:

  • Psychodynamic therapy – long-term individual therapy that helps a person to understand their behaviours, moods and disruptive thoughts. These insights can help them find better ways to relate to others.
  • Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) – helps people identify negative, unhelpful behaviour patterns and replace them with more productive and positive ones.
  • Family or marital therapy – NPD can have an adverse affect on families. Coming together for a session can help people in dealing with relationships, with problem solving solutions and positive communication.

There’s no specific medication to treat NPD. However, people with NPD sometimes also develop depression or anxiety, and in such cases antidepressant medications may be beneficial.

If you are concerned about suicide risk for a person with NPD, then seek medical advice urgently.

Where to get help

If you need help, talking to your doctor is a good place to start. If you’d like to find out more or talk to someone else, here are some organisations that can help:

  • SANE Australia (people living with a mental illness) – call 1800 18 7263.
  • beyondblue (anyone feeling depressed or anxious) – call 1300 22 4636 or chat online.
  • Black Dog Institute (people affected by mood disorders) – online help.
  • Lifeline (anyone having a personal crisis) – call 13 11 14 or chat online.
  • Suicide Call Back Service (anyone thinking about suicide) – call 1300 659 467.

Last reviewed: December 2016

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