Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

beginning of content

Throat diseases

Your throat (pharynx) is part of your respiratory (breathing) and digestive systems. The throat is a muscular tube that carries food, drink and air. It can get affected by viral and bacterial infections, such as colds and strep throat, but also serious conditions such as throat cancer. Learn how to manage and treat these conditions.

Group A streptococcal infection

Group A streptococcal (GAS) infection is a bacterial infection. Find out about the symptoms and treatment for GAS infection, and how to prevent it.


Croup is very common in children under 5 years old. Find out how croup is diagnosed and treated here.

Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)

Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) includes problems with swallowing, drinking, chewing, eating, dribbling, or closing the lips. Find out more here.


Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (larynx) and vocal cords. Learn more about the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a bacterial throat infection usually affecting primary school-aged children. Find out about its symptoms, treatments and prevention.

Sore throat (pharyngitis)

Pharyngitis is a symptom of a bacterial or viral infection, common with a cold or flu. Learn how to care for a sore throat and when to see a doctor.

Strep throat

Strep throat is an infection of your throat caused by streptococci bacteria. Learn more about what it is, and its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Tonsil stones

Tonsil stones are small lumps of hardened material that form in the tonsils when debris builds up. Learn about 'tonsilloliths' symptoms and treatment.


Tonsillitis is an infection and swelling of the tonsils at the back of the throat. Learn about the symptoms and treatments for tonsillitis.

Throat cancer

Throat cancer can get treated if diagnosed early. If you have concerns, see a doctor. Find out about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information and advice

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Queensland Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Victorian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo

Healthdirect Australia acknowledges the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to the Traditional Owners and to Elders both past and present.