Learning disabilities affect someone’s ability to learn in a particular area (e.g. reading or maths). Unlike intellectual disabilities, they only affect a specific area of learning. Find out more here.
Autism is a developmental disability that can cause a complex range of behavioural symptoms and may be mild, moderate or severe.
Dyslexia is a common learning disability that makes reading, writing and spelling difficult. Support and special education can help and are most effective when started as early as possible in childhood.
Apert syndrome is a rare condition that causes an abnormally shaped skull and fused fingers and toes. Other body parts and organs are also affected. Surgery and other treatments can, however, help development.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, also known as ADD) is characterised by symptoms including inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour.