Placenta praevia is a condition where the placenta is lying low and may cover the cervix. In some cases, a caesarean is necessary.
Bleeding during pregnancy
Bleeding during pregnancy is relatively common, however you should always contact your midwife or doctor immediately if it happens to you.
Even if you’re healthy and well prepared for childbirth, there’s always a chance of unexpected problems. Learn more about labour complications.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone that can be detected in your urine and blood when you're pregnant.
Syphilis causes and diagnosis
Syphilis can be contracted by a variety of different causes and is diagnosed with a blood test. Learn more about the different causes of syphilis.
Urine tests can be used to diagnose conditions, such as pregnancy, infections, diseases such as diabetes or STIs and monitor drug use.
The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test is usually used to confirm or monitor a pregnancy.
Oestrogen blood test
Many women at some time have a blood test for oestrogen. It might be during pregnancy, if their menstrual cycle is unusual, or for some other reason.
Lead can enter the human body through breathing in or swallowing materials contaminated with lead. Find out more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of lead poisoning.
Listeria and listeriosis
Listeriosis is a type of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Listeria bacteria and can be dangerous for certain people. Find out more here.