Arthroscopy of the ankle
An arthroscopy allows your surgeon to diagnose and treat some common problems affecting your ankle, without the need for a large cut on your skin.
If you have severe arthritis in your ankle, an ankle arthrodesis should reduce your pain and allow you to do more of your normal activities.
Ankle fracture surgery
For some types of ankle fracture, an operation is the best way to make sure your ankle bones heal in a good position.
Total ankle replacement
Arthritis of your ankle is often the result of previous ankle injuries or rheumatoid arthritis. If you have severe pain, stiffness and disability, an ankle replacement should reduce your pain and still give you some movement in your ankle.
Shin splints are caused by overusing your lower leg muscles. Find out more about their symptoms, treatments and other causes of shin pain.