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Retinal diseases

The retina is a collection of light sensitive nerve cells at the back of the eyeball.
Retinal disorders damage these delicate cells and reduce someone’s ability to see. ‘Macular degeneration’ is damage to the centre of the retina where colour is seen. Treatments aim to slow or halt damage depending on the cause. Follow the links below to find trusted information about retinal diseases.

Last reviewed: February 2014

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Retinal detachment - detached retina

Retinal detachment (detached retina) is a medical emergency when the retina becomes separated from the inside of the eye.  Warning signs include a sudden increase in floaters or flashes. Seek immediate medical attention. This could save your sight.

Read more on myDr website

Retinitis pigmentosa

The retina is located at the back of the eye. This thin layer of light-sensitive cells sends information on shape, colour, pattern and movement to the brain via the optic nerve. There are special light sensing cells in the retina, called rods and cones (see explanation below).

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Cardiovascular Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease

Cardiovascular disease includes all diseases and conditions of the heart and blood vessels, such as arteries and veins.

Read more on Kidney Health Australia website

Peripheral vascular disease

Peripheral vascular disease is the reduced circulation of blood to a body part other than the brain or heart. It is caused by a narrowed or blocked blood vessel. The main cause is atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of fatty deposits that narrow a blood vessel, usually an artery. The narrowed blood vessel reduces the circulation of blood to the associated body part.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Degos Disease - ACD

Degos disease is a rare progressive condition affecting blood vessels. This causes disease in the skin, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system.

Read more on Australasian College of Dermatologists website

Kawasakis disease - ACD

Kawasakis disease is a rare form of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels). It can affect many parts of the body.

Read more on Australasian College of Dermatologists website

Cardiovascular Health | Nutrition Australia

() Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a term used to describe all diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Coronary heart disease (which includes heart attacks and angina) and stroke are common forms of CVD.

Read more on Nutrition Australia website

Background information Plain language Cardiovascular health (HeartInfoNet) Chronic conditions Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

/uploads/docs/heart-pl-background.pdf

Read more on Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet website

Raynaud’s Phenomenon (Raynaud’s disease)

Raynaud’s Phenomenon is a disease that is caused by involuntary narrowing of blood vessels most commonly in the regions supplying the fingers, toes, ears and tip of the nose.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Diabetic Retinopathy | Fred Hollows

The Fred Hollows Foundation's programs treat many diseases like diabetic retinopathy which can lead to blindness. Learn about this terrible eye condition.

Read more on Fred Hollows Foundation website

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