Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that typically causes red, scaly patches on the skin. It is not contagious. While there is no cure, treatments are available to help ease your psoriasis symptoms.
Psoriasis occurs when there’s too much inflammation in the skin. It can appear in areas such as your scalp, elbows, knees, abdomen or between the buttocks. It often shows as red, raised rashes with white or silver scales but the condition can also present itself in a different way.
There’s a lot you can do to ease some of the symptoms of psoriasis:
Ointments and creams can help too.
Types of psoriasis medicines
Different types of medicines can be put on your skin to ease psoriasis. The aim is to reduce the inflammation. Common skin medications include:
- tar preparations
- corticosteroids (a type of steroid) creams and ointments
- calcipotriol (similar to vitamin D) creams and ointments.
You may be given just one medication or a mix depending on which parts of the body are affected.
If you use skin medications and your psoriasis still bothers you, you might be prescribed oral medicines. These medicines work on the immune system from the inside to reduce the inflammation.
They include retinoid, immunosuppressant and biotherapy medicines that are generally prescribed by specialist doctors.
Your doctor may also suggest phototherapy - treatment with special ultraviolet B light.
Important information about psoriasis medication
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. The main concerns with the psoriasis skin medicines are thinning of the skin, skin irritation and skin infections. Oral psoriasis medicines carry a higher risk of side effects.
Before taking any medicines, consider asking your doctor or pharmacist:
- what are the side effects of your psoriasis medicines?
- what are the benefits?
- what to do if you miss a dose
- what to do if you experience side effects.
Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you feel unwell when taking your medicines. Do not stop or change your medicines without talking to your doctor.
Looking for more medicine information?
healthdirect’s medicines section allows you to search for medicines by brand name or active ingredient. It provides useful information about medicines such as their use, whether they are available on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and product recalls.
Last reviewed: February 2016