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Hernia symptoms

1-minute read

Hernias may not cause any symptoms, but typical symptoms include:

  • a bulge or lump in the groin or abdomen
  • pain, burning, aching, heaviness or discomfort, especially when coughing, straining or lifting
  • a pulling sensation around the lump or bulge
  • weakness or pressure in your groin
  • swelling and pain around the testicles.

If you think you or someone in your care may have a hernia, it’s important to see a doctor to discuss treatment options.

Occasionally, tissue from inside the abdomen gets trapped in the hernia. Usually, the tissue can be gently pushed back into the abdomen.

But sometimes, it can’t. The symptoms of this include:

  • redness and tenderness at the site
  • fever
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sudden abdominal pain that quickly gets worse
  • bloating
  • a hernia bulge that looks red, purple or dark
  • inability to open your bowels or pass wind.
If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor straight away, as you may need emergency surgery.

Last reviewed: April 2017

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