Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

beginning of content

Dystonia

1-minute read

What is Dystonia?

Dystonia is a movement disorder that makes it hard for someone to control their muscles. It can cause parts of the body to spasm, tremor, twist and form abnormal positions.

It is not clear why some people get dystonia, but it may happen because of a chemical imbalance in the brain. It can be genetic, but it can also happen after things like a brain injury.

Dystonia can happen in anyone at any age. There are several types of dystonia and it can be limited to a certain area of the body, such as the face or eyes, or it can be more widespread.

There is no cure for dystonia, but it can be treated with medication, muscle relaxant injections, or surgery, depending on the type of dystonia and how severe it is.

Resources and support

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: November 2022


Back To Top

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Top results

Cervical Dystonia - Brain Foundation

Cervical Dystonia often referred to as spasmodic torticollis, is a particular type of focal dystonia that affects the muscles of the neck. It presents in different forms as follows: torticollis, laterocollis, anterocollis and retrocollis.

Read more on Brain Foundation website

Cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis) | HealthEngine Blog

Cervical dystonia or neck dystonia is a movement disorder of the neck muscles. It causes spasms, tremors and pain in the neck, and abnormal head posture.

Read more on HealthEngine website

Dystonia - Brain Foundation

Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that causes muscles in the body to contract or spasm involuntarily. The involuntary muscle contractions cause twisting, repetitive and patterned movements as well as abnormal postures.

Read more on Brain Foundation website

Botox injections - MyDr.com.au

Botulinum toxin type A injections (known by the brand names Botox, Dysport and Xeomin) can be used to treat wrinkles, crows feet and facial lines.

Read more on myDr website

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information and advice

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Victorian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo

Healthdirect Australia acknowledges the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to the Traditional Owners and to Elders both past and present.