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Chlamydia treatment and prevention

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Chlamydia treatment

If your doctor does detect chlamydia, the infection can usually be treated with a single course of antibiotics.

You should avoid having sex while taking the antibiotics and for a week after you finish taking them so you don’t pass on the infection to someone else or become re-infected.

It is recommended that you have another test for chlamydia 3 months later to make sure you haven’t been infected again.

If you have chlamydia, anyone you have had sex with in the past 6 months should also be tested and may need treatment at the same time. This is called contact tracing.

As chlamydia is transmitted through unprotected sex, your doctor may suggest you be screened for other sexually transmitted infections and if necessary, you and your partner(s) treated.

Chlamydia prevention

You can also help prevent being infected with chlamydia (and other sexually transmitted infections) by practising safe sex, particularly if you have more than 1 sexual partner. Safe sex means using a condom when you have vaginal or anal sex and using a condom or dental dam for oral sex.

Remember, many people with chlamydia don’t know they have it.

Last reviewed: June 2017

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