Spinal stenosis, or spinal canal stenosis, is a narrowing of the canal in which the spinal cord sits.
Cervical spinal stenosis is where the spinal canal narrows in your neck, causing weakness or numbness in your arms and legs. The aim of surgery is to prevent further damage to your spinal cord.
Lumbar spinal stenosis is where the spinal canal narrows in your lower back. This may cause pain or weakness in your legs. The aim of surgery is to prevent your symptoms getting worse.
Spinal disc problems
Problems with your spinal discs can lead to back pain, sciatica and other problems. Learn about the causes and treatment options for spinal disc problems.
A tracheostomy is performed to create a small opening in the front of the neck into the windpipe to allow breathing through the throat.