Spina bifida is a birth defect that affects a baby’s spine from early pregnancy. Ensuring enough folate in the diet is the best way to reduce the risk of spina bifida.
Trusted information about birth defects from leading Australian health organisations, including links to content on spina bifida and amniocentesis.
Hydrocephalus is caused by a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. This fluid is essential, but too much of it can create pressure and damage the brain.
Folate is a B-group vitamin that our bodies need to grow and develop. Find out more, including why folate is especially important for pregnant women.
Obesity at conception linked to pregnancy complications
Women should lose weight before getting pregnant if they're obese or overweight, experts say, as excess weight at conception is linked to pregnancy complications.