Peripheral nerve block (upper limb)
A peripheral upper limb nerve block can be used for most people, usually giving a safe and effective form of pain relief both during and after the operation.
Pain relief medicines
For pain such as backpain or headaches, simple painkillers such as paracetamol and anti-inflammatory agents work best but can have potential side effects, so you need to weigh up the pros and cons.
Learn more about a range of different medicines, such as pain relief medicines, antidepressants and medicines for children.
An epidural anaesthetic can be used for most people, usually giving a safe and effective form of pain relief both during and after an operation or procedure.
TENS (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation)
TENS machine delivers a small electrical current to the body through electrodes attached to the skin. TENS, is a form of pain relief without medicine. Find out more about TENS.
Most people have headaches occasionally. Find out what can cause them and how you can treat different types of headaches.
Can medicines be addictive?
Some medicines can cause dependence and addiction. Learn which ones are associated with these risks and how to avoid dependence or addiction when taking them.
Opioids are a group of medicines that may be prescribed by doctors to treat pain. Opioids reduce feelings of pain by interrupting the way nerves signal pain between the brain and the body. Sometimes opioids are taken after being obtained illegally for non-prescribed use.
Pain relief after surgery
Pain after an operation is a common problem but there is no need for you to be in a lot of pain. Pain relief after surgery is usually safe and effective.
Epidural injection for chronic pain relief
An epidural injection can be used for most people, usually giving a safe and effective form of pain relief.