Heart murmurs are extra sounds made by the heart. Some heart murmurs are serious, some are not — here's what you need to know.
This is a heart condition in which a section of the aorta, an important blood vessel, is narrowed. Aortic coarctation mainly affects newborn babies.
Aortic stenosis occurs when the aortic valve, a one-way door leading out of the heart, narrows — making it hard for the heart to pump blood through.
Fragile X syndrome
Fragile X causes intellectual disability, behavioural and learning difficulties, and physical problems. It’s the commonest genetic cause of autism.
Rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a condition that develops when the body’s heart valves are damaged by rheumatic fever. It is serious, but it’s also entirely preventable.
Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease is a birth defect, occurring when a baby is born with a heart that hasn’t formed properly. Some forms of the condition are uncomplicated; others can be very serious. Learn about the differences here.