Birth defects are quite common. Some are minor and cause little, if any, long term problems. Other birth defects can be life threatening or cause significant disability.
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Cleft lip or palate develops when parts of the lip, upper jaw or roof of the mouth don’t join properly early on in pregnancy, resulting in an opening or cleft.
Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18)
Edwards syndrome, also called Trisomy 18, is a genetic disorder in babies that causes severe disability. It is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 18.
Genetic testing can give you vital information if you're planning a family or if you, or your partner, has a genetic disorder.
Screening for Down syndrome
Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder affecting 1 in 1,100 babies. Screening tests for Down syndrome are routinely offered to pregnant women.