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Brand name: Ritalin

Ritalin is a brand of tablets containing the active ingredient methylphenidate hydrochloride. It is only available with a doctor’s prescription.

Ritalin belongs to a group of medicines called central nervous system stimulants. It is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. Ritalin works by changing the amount of certain chemicals in the brain.

Ritalin is usually used with non-medication treatments – such as psychological, educational and social therapy – to treat ADHD. Children with ADHD have difficulty concentrating, are unable to sit still and have trouble behaving as they are expected to.

Ritalin can also be used to reduce excessive daytime sleepiness in a disorder called narcolepsy.

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Active ingredient in this medicine: methylphenidate

Information for medicine and pack size:
Ritalin 10 mg uncoated tablet, 100

Consumer Medicine Information leaflet:

This leaflet may also be found inside the medicine package. It contains information on side effects, age restrictions and other useful data.

Read leaflet

What this medicine is for

Ritalin 10 tablets and Ritalin LA capsules are indicated for the treatment of ADHD. Ritalin 10 tablets are also indicated for the treatment of narcolepsy. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ADHD was previously known as attention-deficit disorder. Other terms used to describe this behavioural syndrome include: minimal brain dysfunction in children, hyperkinetic child syndrome, minimal brain damage, minimal cerebral dysfunction, minor cerebral dysfunction and psycho-organic syndrome of children. Ritalin 10 / Ritalin LA are indicatedas an integral part of a total treatment program for ADHD that may include other measures (psychological, educational and social) for patients with this syndrome. Stimulants are not intended for use in the patient who exhibits symptoms secondary to environmental factors and/or other primary psychiatric disorders, including psychosis. Special diagnostic considerations for ADHD in children: The aetiology of this syndrome is unknown and there is no single diagnostic test. Adequate diagnosis requires the use, not only of medical, but also of psychological, educational and social resources. Characteristics commonly reported include: chronic history of short attention span, distractibility, emotional lability, impulsivity, moderate to severe hyperactivity, minor neurological signs and an abnormal EEG. Learning may or may not be impaired. The diagnosis must be based upon a complete history and evaluation of the child and not solely on the presence of one or more of these characteristics. Drug treatment is not indicated for all children with this syndrome. Stimulants are not intended for use in children who exhibit symptoms secondary to environmental factors (e.g. child abuse in particular) or primary psychiatric disorders. Appropriate educational placement is essential and psychosocial intervention is generally necessary. When remedial measures alone are insufficient, the decision to prescribe stimulant medicine will depend upon the physician's assessment of the chronicity and severity of the child's symptoms. Continuation of treatment in adolescent and special diagnostic considerations for ADHD in adults: There is limited information to guide clinicians about how long older adolescents should continue to receive treatment with drugs for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The decision should be based on the extent to which symptoms of ADHD and social functioning have improved to a point that medication is no longer needed. If older adolescents have been largely symptom-free for a year and are functioning well, a trial without medication is warranted. This should be undertaken at times of low stress such as during holidays or in a period when a school routine is well established. ADHD needs to be considered in adults who present with longstanding symptoms suggestive of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity, disorganisation) that appear to have started in childhood and are persisting into adult life. Further, people with personality disorder and/or problems with drug use accompanied by a significant level of impulsivity and inattention should be referred for evaluation by a psychiatrist with the training and skills required to assess and treat ADHD. This expertise is necessary due to the overlap of ADHD symptoms with anxiety, mood and personality disorders. Narcolepsy The symptoms include daytime sleepiness, inappropriate sleep episodes and rapidly occurring loss of voluntary muscle tone. Ritalin 10 is effective for symptoms of sleepiness but not for loss of voluntary muscle tone.

Table of characteristics
Table of characteristics
Active ingredient
Visual appearance Round white tablets marked CG on one side and AB with a break-line on the other, diameter ca. 7.1mmthickness ca. 2.6mm.

Images are the copyright of the Pharmacy Guild of Australia

Dosage Form Tablet, uncoated
Route of administration Oral
Medicine schedule
100: Controlled Drug

There is one type of pack available.

Pack type 1
Pack type 1
Type Blister Pack
Storage temperature Store below 25 degrees Celsius
Storage conditions Protect from Moisture
Life time 2 Years
This medicine was verified as being available on the PBS (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme) on 1 November 2017

The PBS provides a list of government subsidised medicines available to be dispensed to patients. Further information can be found on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme website.

Go to PBS site

Is this medication banned in sport?

Check if you can use your medicine whilst playing sport. Search the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) database that provides information about the prohibited status of specific medications and/or the active ingredient based on the current World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

Go to ASADA site

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Found 17 results

Ritalin | myVMC

Ritalin 10 (methylphenidate hydrochloride) is a psychostimulant medicine used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Ritalin Tablets - myDr.com.au

Ritalin Tablets - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

ADHD treatments - myDr.com.au

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments include medicines, such as Ritalin and Concerta, and behavioural therapies.

Read more on myDr website

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Brain Foundation | Essential Tremor

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Stimulant medicines

Stimulant medicines stimulate the central nervous system (CNS) by increasing the activity of certain chemicals in the brain. Dexamphetamine and methylphenidate are both stimulants.

Read more on WA Health website

Cognitive Enhancers - ADF - Alcohol & Drug Foundation

Nootropics are drugs that some people use in an attempt to improve memory, increase mental alertness, concentration, boost energy levels and wakefulness.

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Teen Health - Health Topics - ADHD - how it can affect teenagers

Someone with ADHD may begin to fall way behind other young people of the same age at school, even thoughthey would be able to do well if their ADHD was under control.

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Hyperactivity | myVMC

Hyperactivity: Hyperactivity is a common issue faced by many parents and families of children. Hyperactivity may be described as excessive level of activity comparitively. It is also one of three main symptoms of ADHD.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Narcolepsy and cataplexy - myDr.com.au

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness. People with narcolepsy can be struck with urges to sleep several times a day and may suffer from cataplexy - a loss of muscle function or sleep paralysis.

Read more on myDr website

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