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Mad cow disease

Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a severe neurological disease in cattle that causes damage to the brain and spinal cord. Consumption of food contaminated with infected animal carcasses can lead to serious illness in humans.

The human form of mad cow disease is called variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease. There is often confusion between these two illnesses.

Following the initial cases of mad cow disease (BSE) in the United Kingdom in 1986, Australian government bodies and industry have worked to mitigate human risk from BSE through careful risk management strategies to beef supplies.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

Last reviewed: July 2015

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Brain Foundation | Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Read more on Brain Foundation website

Creutzfeldt - Jakob Disease

Read more on Queensland Health website

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease information

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and a link to printable version in PDF format

Read more on Department of Health website

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - including symptoms, treatment and prevention :: SA Health

These are progressive fatal infections of the brain caused by an infectious protein particle called a prion. These diseases are some of a group of brain infections known as Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE).

Read more on SA Health website

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) - Factsheets

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare brain disease that is caused by abnormal brain proteins called prions. Classical CJD usually occurs by chance. Variant CJD, which is linked to consumption of contaminated meat products, does not occur in Australia.

Read more on NSW Health website

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - myDr.com.au

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal, degenerative brain disorder that causes rapidly progressive dementia and loss of muscle control. It is a rare disease, affecting 1–2 people in every million in Australia.

Read more on myDr website

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