Pressure sores and pressure ulcers are caused by an injury or breakdown of skin and the underlying tissue.
Several factors increase the risk of someone developing pressure ulcers. These include:
- mobility limitations - including for people who are confined to a bed, hospitalised, or with chronic pain that makes it difficult to move
- health problems - including type 1 and type 2 diabetes, circulatory problems, or heart or kidney damage.
- advanced age
- poor diet or nutrition.
Pressure ulcers can develop quickly and be difficult to treat. It is important to seek the help of your doctor or community nurse if you have a pressure ulcer.
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Last reviewed: April 2017