Treatment of gastritis depends on its cause. Your doctor may prescribe a mix of prescription and non-prescription (over the counter) medicines, and recommend lifestyle approaches.
Common gastritis treatments are:
- antibiotic medicines to kill the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) — a common cause of gastritis. If prescribed, it’s important you complete the full course
- prescription medicines that reduce the amount of acid made in the stomach
- over the counter antacids, which neutralise stomach acid (these should be taken separately from some other medicines — ask your pharmacist)
You can also make some lifestyle changes to help improve your healing process, and reduce any further chances of irritation. You could try to:
- eat smaller meals more often
- avoid foods that can irritate your stomach, such as foods that are spicy, acidic (e.g. citrus and tomatoes), fried or fatty
- avoid alcohol
- avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — ask your doctor or pharmacist for alternative pain relievers
- reduce stress
It’s also important take your medicines as directed and to learn what triggers your symptoms. Limit alcohol and coffee and don’t smoke if you have gastritis.
If you find that your gastritis isn’t improving despite treatment, tell your doctor as soon as possible.
Last reviewed: January 2019