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Gastritis treatment

Treatment of gastritis depends on its cause. Your doctor may prescribe a mix of prescription and non-prescription (over-the-counter) medicines, and recommend lifestyle approaches.

Common gastritis treatments follow:

  • A combination of antibiotic medicines to kill the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) - a common cause of gastritis. If prescribed, it’s important you complete the full course.
  • Prescription medicines that reduce the amount of acid made in the stomach.
  • Over the counter antacids, which neutralise stomach acid (these should be taken separately from some other medicines - ask your pharmacist).

You can also make some lifestyle changes to help improve your healing process, and reduce any further chances of irritation. You could try to:

  • eat smaller meals more often
  • avoid foods that can irritate your stomach, such as foods that are spicy, acidic (e.g. citrus and tomatoes), fried or fatty
  • avoid alcohol
  • avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) - ask your doctor or pharmacist for alternative pain relievers
  • avoid stress.

If you find that your gastritis isn’t improving despite treatment, tell your doctor as soon as possible.

Sources:

Mayo Clinic (Gastritis), Medscape (Acute Gastritis Treatment and management), Medscape (Chronic gastritis), RACGP (Helicobacter pylori eradication – an update on latest therapies), Mayo Clinic (Home remedies)

Last reviewed: February 2017

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