People often talk about colds and flu (influenza) together, but it's important to realise colds and flu are different illnesses caused by different viruses. Find out how you can help avoid catching them here, how to treat a cold or the flu, and special information on being ill during pregnancy or looking after babies and children with a cold or flu.
Get a flu shot
It is important to get the flu vaccination each year to continue to be protected, since it wears off after 3 to 4 months.
CHECK YOUR SYMPTOMS — Use the Symptom Checker and find out if you need to seek medical help.
Adults can experience the common cold between 2 and 4 times a year, and kids can get up to 10 colds a year. Here's how to prevent and treat colds.
Learn all about influenza — a viral infection affecting the nose, throat and sometimes lungs — including its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
Is it a cold or the flu?
Can't tell if you have a cold or the flu? This infographic helps you compare cold and flu symptoms, and debunks some common myths.
Do I have COVID-19?
Although different viruses cause flus and COVID-19, the diseases have some similar symptoms. Here’s how to know if you have COVID-19, the flu or both.
Flu vaccine FAQs
Do you want to know more about the flu vaccine? Here are answers to some common questions, such as, 'I have an egg allergy; can I still have the flu shot?'
10 tips to fight the flu
There are many things you can do to help protect yourself from the flu. This infographic takes you through the top 10.
Colds and flu medication
There are many over-the-counter medicines that might relieve cold and flu symptoms, including paracetamol, ibuprofen and nasal decongestants.
Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and spreading illnesses such as the flu, common cold and COVID-19.
Colds and flu during pregnancy
If you are considering pregnancy or are already pregnant, it's highly recommended that you have a flu vaccination to help protect you and your baby.
Coughs and colds in children
Most coughs and colds in children are caused by viruses. Find out how to treat your child and to help prevent them from developing and spreading a cold.
A normal temperature is around 36-37°C; a fever is a temperature of 38°C or higher. Here's how to treat a high temperature, which is often a symptom of an infection.
Fever in children
Fevers are quite common in young children and are usually mild. Sometimes the causes of a fever will require urgent attention, but in most cases they can be managed at home.
If your child is sick they may need to stay home from school to prevent spreading their illness to others. Here's a list of school exclusion periods for the flu, gastro, chickenpox and more.
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Last reviewed: May 2022