Asperger’s syndrome is a collection of behaviours. It’s not a specific syndrome with one cause, and it’s not everything that makes up a person.
It seems that the brains of people with Asperger’s syndrome do not deal with information in the same way as do the brains of others.
People with Asperger’s syndrome often have normal intelligence, and can be quite creative, but they often find life hard. In particular, they find it hard to communicate and interact with other people.
People with Asperger’s syndrome often:
- struggle to express themselves
- find it hard to understand others
- find it hard to make friends
- find it hard to work out what others might be thinking
- find it hard to use their imaginations.
Asperger’s syndrome is usually diagnosed in childhood, but some people don’t recognised the condition until they are adults.
Asperger’s syndrome is on what is known as the autism spectrum. People with Asperger’s syndrome usually fit into society more easily than people with autism.
It’s not clear what causes Asperger’s syndrome. It’s likely that genes play a part. It’s not clear if it’s influenced by upbringing or social circumstances. There is no evidence to suggest that vaccines cause Asperger’s syndrome.
A diagnosis of Asperger’s syndrome can help an adult or child and their carers understand their feelings and behaviour. It can also assist in getting help and support.
With support and encouragement, people with Asperger’s can lead a full and independent life.
Last reviewed: November 2014