There are different reasons why people bully, including:
- wanting to dominate others and improve their social status
- having low self-esteem
- having a lack of remorse or failing to recognise their behaviour as a problem
- feeling angry or frustrated
- struggling socially
- being the victim of bullying themselves
Some people who bully are tough and strong. Other bullies might be popular but thoughtless, rather than deliberately hurtful. Bullies are more likely to have lifelong issues such as depression or problems with aggression. But early treatment can prevent this from happening.
Some children who bully may enjoy getting their own way. Others may like conflict and aggression. Some may have difficulties with health, schoolwork and self-esteem. And some may be emotionally neglected, bullied, abused or be experiencing violence themselves.
Children can take on different roles in different circumstances. Those who are bullied in one situation may be the bully in another.
- You can find more information about bullying at school on the Bullying No Way! website and about cyberbullying on the Office of the eSafety Commissioner website.
- Adults can be bullied too, including at work. Workplace bullying is any behaviour at work that is physically, mentally or socially threatening.
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Last reviewed: February 2018