Vitamins and minerals are essential parts of the food you eat. If you eat a variety of foods from the 5 food groups and have a balanced diet , you’ll get all the vitamins and minerals you need. Most people don’t need supplements as high doses of supplements can cause problems.
The role of vitamins and minerals
Your body has thousands of chemical reactions going on in each cell, every second of the day. The cells continually process the proteins, fats and carbohydrates from the foods you eat.
Vitamins and minerals are essential parts of those chemical reactions. Without them, essential body functions couldn’t take place, but you only need very small amounts of them. For most people, you can get all the vitamins and minerals you need from a healthy diet.
Here’s a list of all the important vitamins and minerals, why they’re important, and what foods you can get them in.