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Pathology Tests Explained

Pathology Tests Explained is a not-for profit organisation that provides information about pathology tests.

It is funded principally by the Australasian Association for Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine (AACB), one of pathology’s peak bodies representing many of the professionals who work in laboratories.

Vision and mission

The aim of Pathology Tests Explained is to provide you with information about pathology testing that you can rely on as being accurate and authoritative. The content is written by practicing pathologists and scientists including some of Australia’s leading experts who work in public or private pathology laboratories or hold appointments with professional societies, all in Australia.

How Pathology Tests Explained can help

Pathology Tests Explained can help by providing all you need to know about the pathology tests that will be used to diagnose, treat, and manage any illness you have.

They can help if you:

  • have been asked to have tests
  • have a diagnosis but aren’t sure what lies ahead
  • are managing a chronic illness
  • are caring for someone having tests
  • are a health professional looking for information to pass on to a patient or seeking a quick resource for yourself

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Last reviewed: May 2022

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Found 284 results

Cerebrospinal fluid examination | Pathology Tests Explained

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear watery liquid filtrate that is formed by the choroid plexus, special tissue that has many blood vessels and lines the sm

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Alzheimer | Pathology Tests Explained

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C-reactive protein | Pathology Tests Explained

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a protein made by the liver and secreted into the blood. It is often the first evidence of inflammation or an infection in the bo

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Oestradiol | Pathology Tests Explained

Oestrogens are a group of hormones primarily responsible for the development of female sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. While oestrogens are the

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Faecal elastase | Pathology Tests Explained

Elastase is an enzyme produced by special (exocrine) tissue in the pancreas. This test measures the amount of elastase in stool (faeces) to help evaluate whe

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Acidosis and alkalosis | Pathology Tests Explained

Acidosis and alkalosis are terms used to describe the abnormal conditions when a patient’s blood pH does not fall within the healthy range. Measuring the pH

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Immunophenotyping | Pathology Tests Explained

Immunophenotyping detects the presence or absence of white blood cell (WBC) antigens. These antigens are protein structures found on the surface or interior

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Centromere antibody | Pathology Tests Explained

The anticentromere antibody (ACA) is an autoantibody - a protein produced by the immune system that mistakenly targets the body's own tissues. More specifica

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Extractable nuclear antigen antibodies panel | Pathology Tests Explained

An ENA (Extractable Nuclear Antigen Antibodies) panel detects the presence of one or more specific autoantibodies in the blood. Autoantibodies are produced w

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Valporate | Pathology Tests Explained

This test measures the amount of valproate in the blood. Valproate is a drug that is used primarily to treat some types of seizure disorders (also called epi

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