Active ingredients: vancomycin
What it is used for
INDICATIONS AS AT 31 October 2003: Vancomycin Hydrochloride for Intravenous Infusion is indicated for potentially life threatening infections which cannot be treated with another effective, less toxic antimicrobial drug, including the penicillins and cephalosporins. Vancomycin is useful in therapy of severe staphylococcal (including methicillin-resistant staphylococcal) infections in patients who cannot receive or who have failed to respond to the penicillins and cephalosporins or who have infections with staphylococci that are resistant to other antibiotics. Once sensitivity data are available, therapy should be adjusted accordingly. Vancomycin is effective alone or in combination with an aminoglycoside for endocarditis caused by Strep. viridans or Strep. bovis. For endocarditis caused by enterococci (eg Strep. faecalis), vancomycin is effective only in combination with an aminoglycoside. Vancomycin is effective for the treatment of diphtheroid endocarditis. Vancomycin is used in combination with rifampicin, an aminoglycoside, or both in early onset prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Staph. epidermidis or diphtheroids. The effectiveness of vancomycin has been documented in other infections due to staphylococci including osteomyelitis, pneumonia, septicaemia and, skin and skin structure infections. When staphylococcal infections are localised and purulent, antibiotics are used as adjuncts to appropriate surgical measures. Specimens for bacteriological cultures should be obtained in order to isolate and identify causative organisms and to determine their susceptibilities to vancomycin. Vancomycin should be administered orally for the treatment of staphylococcal enterocolitis and antibiotic associated pseudomembranous colitis (produced by C. difficile). Parenteral administration of vancomycin alone is inappropriate for this indication. Vancomycin is not effective by the oral route for other types of infections. For oral administration the parenteral formulation may be used. Some systemic absorption may occur following oral administration in patients with pseudomembranous colitis.
How to take it
The way to take this medicine is: Intravenous. This medicine or fluids is given through a needle or tube (catheter) inserted into a vein.
- Store below 25 degrees Celsius
- Shelf lifetime is 30 Months.
You should seek medical advice in relation to medicines and use only as directed by a healthcare professional.
Always read the label. If symptoms persist see your healthcare professional.
white to light brown powder or plug in a 10mL Type I clear glass vial, with a rubber stopper closure and aluminium crimp with plastic "filp-off" top
Do I need a prescription?
This medicine is available from a pharmacist and requires a prescription. It is
Pregnant or planning a pregnancy?
For the active ingredient vancomycin
You should seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about taking this medicine. They can help you balance the risks and the benefits of this medicine during pregnancy.
For side effects, taking other medicines and more
Download consumer medicine information leaflet (pdf) from the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) website
Reporting side effects
You can help ensure medicines are safe by reporting the side effects you experience.
You can report side effects to your doctor, or directly at www.tga.gov.au/reporting-problems