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Lung conditions

Asbestos under a microscope, to help illustrate an article about asbestosis - the lung disease caused by exposure to asbestos.


This lung disease is caused by asbestos dust, with symptoms (shortness of breath, coughing) usually appearing 10 to 20 years after exposure.


Asthma symptoms can include a cough, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness. Learn more about asthma symptoms, causes and treatment options.

X-ray showing lungs affected by bronchiectasis.


Bronchiectasis damages the airways in the lungs, causing them to permanently widen. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to prevent further damage.


Bronchiolitis is a common chest infection in babies that affects their breathing. Urgent treatment can be needed. Find out when to call for help.

Bronchitis causes your airways (bronchi) to become irritated and inflamed, producing more mucus and a cough.


Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in your lungs, which causes a cough. Learn about the symptoms and treatment of acute bronchitis.

Chest infections are usually caused by either bacteria or viruses.

Chest infection

Chest infections are common in people of all ages. Find out more about what causes chest infections, their symptoms and treatments.

Image of man in his forties coughing and having his chest listened to via stethoscope by female doctor, to help illustrate COPD.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a term used for some long-term lung conditions, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Cystic fibrosis (CF)

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that affects your lungs and digestive system. Learn more about what causes CF and how it is treated.

Quitting smoking is the best way to treat emphysema.


Emphysema is a progressive lung disease often due to smoking, causing shortness of breath and coughing. Read about symptoms and treatments.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Learn about the causes and symptoms of, and treatments for, this serious disease.


Mesothelioma is a type of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, maybe decades ago. Find out about the symptoms and treatments for mesothelioma.

Image of patient seeing a doctor for chest pain, one of the symptoms of pleural effusion.

Pleural effusion

A pleural effusion is an abnormal build-up of fluid in the space around the lungs. It can be caused by many things, most commonly heart failure, pneum...

CT scan of lungs showing pleurisy.


Pleurisy is when the lining of your lungs becomes inflamed. Read about the symptoms, causes and treatments for pleurisy, and when to see your doctor.


Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be very serious. It’s often caused by bacteria or viruses. Learn how to prevent getting pneumonia.


A pneumothorax is when air leaks into the space between your lung and chest wall. Read about symptoms and treatment of pneumothorax (collapsed lung).

Respiratory syncytial virus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infects the airways and lungs. Learn about the causes, treatment, prevention of RSV, and how to stop the virus from ...


Silicosis is a lung disease caused by inhaling silica dust. Find out how to reduce your risk and what can be done to manage silicosis.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease that mostly affects the lungs. It can live in your body for years before causing symptoms.

Whooping cough

Whooping cough is a contagious bacterial infection and is most serious in babies. Here’s how to spot the symptoms and protect infants.

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