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Infertility

1-minute read

Infertility usually refers to when a couple have been unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Sometimes, more broadly, the word refers to when a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to term. Infertility affects about 15 in every 100 Australian couples of reproductive age.

There are many causes of infertility.  For about 2 in 5 couples it will be due to a sperm problem; in another 2 in 5 couples, there will be a problem with the woman's reproductive system. Sometimes it will be due to a combination of factors — or there will be no apparent cause.

If you are a woman, your fertility may be affected by:

Adult male fertility may be affected by:

  • problems with the tubes that connect to the testes
  • low sperm production
  • high numbers of abnormal sperm
  • genetic problems
  • problems with the sperm DNA

Follow the links below to find trusted information about infertility.

Last reviewed: May 2018

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Top results

Infertility

Whether you are trying to fall pregnant for the first time, or are already parents who would like more children, infertility can be a stressful and frustrating experience for everyone involved.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Fertility treatments

Finding out that you or your partner are unable to fall pregnant can be upsetting and difficult to deal with. There are a number of fertility treatments that are available to both of you.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Problems becoming pregnant

Information for those who can't get pregnant including when you should see your doctor, plus links to trusted resources.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Fertility tests

If your doctor suspects there is a reason you have not fallen pregnant, there are a number of tests that can be done to determine your fertility.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Infertility treatment | Jean Hailes

There are many reasons a woman may have difficulty becoming pregnant. There are a number of things you can do to increase the likelihood of becoming pregnant including lifestyle changes, surgery, hormone treatment and Assisted Reproductive Technology

Read more on Jean Hailes for Women's Health website

Sperm Health | myVMC

Some known causes of male infertility include low sperm count or non-functioning sperm. Sperm health can be affected by several factors.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Five causes of female infertility | Women's Health Queensland Wide

There are many reasons why women experience difficulty in conceiving. we discuss five common causes.

Read more on Women's Health Queensland website

Fertility and Infertility | Family Planning NSW

Fertility and infertility factsheets

Read more on Family Planning NSW website

Infertility information | myVMC

Infertility is the inability to conceive for 12 months despite having sex. It affects 8% of couples and has emotional and financial consequences.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Male Infertility - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment | Andrology Australia

Infertility is a widespread problem. For about one in five infertile couples the problem lies solely in the male partner (male infertility).

Read more on Andrology Australia website

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