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Infertility usually refers to when a couple have been unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Sometimes, more broadly, the word refers to when a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to term. Infertility affects about 15 in every 100 Australian couples of reproductive age.

There are many causes of infertility.  For about 2 in 5 couples it will be due to a sperm problem; in another 2 in 5 couples, there will be a problem with the woman's reproductive system. Sometimes it will be due to a combination of factors — or there will be no apparent cause.

If you are a woman, your fertility may be affected by:

Adult male fertility may be affected by:

  • problems with the tubes that connect to the testes
  • low sperm production
  • high numbers of abnormal sperm
  • genetic problems
  • problems with the sperm DNA

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Last reviewed: May 2018

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Infertility can be a stressful and frustrating experience. Find out more on infertility.

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Male infertility is a major factor in 30-50 per cent of difficulties conceiving. It usually results from low numbers of, or poor quality, sperm.

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Male infertility - Symptoms & Causes | Healthy Male

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If you've been trying unsuccessfully to fall pregnant for a year or more, it's time to see your doctor.

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There are a number of tests that are available to determine your fertility.

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A couple isn't suspected of fertility problems until they have tried and failed to conceive for one year.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Support around fertility - Cancer treatments

Finding out your treatment might make you infertile can be another massive blow - it’s normal to feel sad, anxious or angry.

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Sperm health | Healthy Male

Sperm health How important is my health when I’m trying for a baby? How does being overweight affect fertility? How does smoking affect fertility? How does drinking alcohol affect fertility? How does age affect fertility? How can STIs affect fertility? How does the use of certain drugs or medications affect fertility? How do environmental and occupational chemicals affect fertility? Resources and videos Resources Filter resources Type: Fact sheet Booklet Video RESET Fact sheet Sperm health fact sheet Download PDF Booklet Your sperm and how to look after them Download PDF Video Sperm health and having a baby WATCH VIDEO SEE ALL RESOURCES

Read more on Healthy Male - Andrology Australia website

Miscarriage Support | What is Infertility?

Infertility can be a highly emotional journey fraught with uncertainty and an ongoing rollercoaster of hope and disappointment.

Read more on Pink Elephants Support Network website

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