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Infertility

1-minute read

Infertility is when you cannot conceive or have children.

It refers to when a couple have been unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. About one in 9 Australian couples of reproductive age experiences fertility problems.

There are many causes of infertility. For about 2 in 5 couples it will be due to a sperm problem; in another 2 in 5 couples, there will be a problem with the woman's reproductive system. Sometimes it will be due to a combination of factors — or there will be no apparent cause.

If you are a woman, your fertility may be affected by:

Adult male fertility may be affected by:

  • problems with the tubes that connect to the testes
  • low sperm production
  • high numbers of abnormal sperm
  • making antibodies that attack sperm
  • genetic problems
  • problems with the sperm DNA

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Last reviewed: June 2020


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