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Infertility is usually defined as not being able to get pregnant after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. A broader view of infertility includes not being able to carry a pregnancy to term. It affects about 15% of Australian couples of reproductive age.

There are many causes of infertility.  For about 4 couples in 10 it will relate to a sperm problem. In another 4 couples in 10 there will be a female reproductive cause. Sometimes there is a combination of factors or no apparent cause.

If you are female, your fertility may by affected by:

Adult males may be affected by:

  • problems with the tubes connected to the testes
  • low sperm production
  • high numbers of abnormal sperm
  • genetic problems
  • problems with sperm DNA

Follow the links below to find trusted information about infertility.

Last reviewed: May 2018

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Top results


Whether you are trying to fall pregnant for the first time, or are already parents who would like more children, infertility can be a stressful and frustrating experience for everyone involved.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Male infertility -

Find out more about the causes of male infertility.

Read more on myDr website

Female infertility -

Find out more about the causes of female infertility and the tests that can help diagnose these problems.

Read more on myDr website

Male Infertility - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment | Andrology Australia

Infertility is a widespread problem. For about one in five infertile couples the problem lies solely in the male partner (male infertility).

Read more on Andrology Australia website

Male Infertility: A guide for men and their partners | Andrology Australia

The small but comprehensive booklet provides evidence-based information on the causes and possible treatment for male infertility.

Read more on Andrology Australia website

Fertility treatments

Finding out that you or your partner are unable to fall pregnant can be upsetting and difficult to deal with. There are a number of fertility treatments that are available to both of you.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Problems becoming pregnant

Information for those who can't get pregnant including when you should see your doctor, plus links to trusted resources.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Male fertility problems | Andrology Australia

Low sperm count? What causes male infertility? What are your options? Free info:

Read more on Andrology Australia website

Fertility tests

If your doctor suspects there is a reason you have not fallen pregnant, there are a number of tests that can be done to determine your fertility.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Australian Websites | Andrology Australia

Australian Websites ACCESS [] Australia's National Infertility Network is an independent, non-profit consumer based organisation who represent a national voice for infertile men and women.

Read more on Andrology Australia website

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