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Middle-aged woman looking concerned as she brushes her hair - to help illustrate an article about female pattern baldness.

Middle-aged woman looking concerned as she brushes her hair - to help illustrate an article about female pattern baldness.
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Female pattern baldness

3-minute read

Hair loss isn't a problem just for men - it can happen to women too. Female pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss in women.

What is female pattern baldness?

Female pattern baldness is a term used to describe hair loss and thinning in women. It is also known as female pattern hair loss (FPHL), or androgenetic alopecia, in women.

It's a similar condition to male pattern baldness, but the hair loss and thinning follow a different pattern. The hair usually thins across the whole scalp. A receding hairline or a bald patch on the top of the head is rare, although this can happen.

Female pattern baldness can develop at any age. It usually progresses slowly, but can also come in bursts.

It often becomes more noticeable after menopause. Almost half of all women show signs of hair loss by the age of 50.

Illustration of the four stages of female pattern hair loss
Unlike with male pattern baldness, which starts with a receding hair line, hair loss in women occurs across the top of the head.

Causes and types of female pattern baldness

Genetics usually plays a part in the development of female pattern baldness. You can inherit the genes that cause female pattern baldness from one or both of your parents. It’s also possible that hormones contribute to the condition.

Female pattern baldness is different from alopecia areata, which is an auto-immune disease resulting in hair loss from the scalp and other parts of the body.

Diagnosis of female pattern baldness

Talk to your doctor if your hair is thinning. Your doctor will examine your hair and scalp, and might refer you to a dermatologist, a doctor who specialises in skin problems.

If you have acne, irregular periods or a lot of body hair, your doctor might recommend a test to check your hormones, or to rule out polycystic ovarian syndrome.

They might also recommend removing a tiny piece of skin from your scalp to test for hair loss conditions such as alopecia areata. 

Treatment of female pattern baldness

The main aim of treatment is to slow down or stop hair loss. Treatment might also stimulate hair growth, but this kind of treatment works better for some women than others.

Your doctor might prescribe minoxidil, or a cream containing minoxidil. This active ingredient is found in lotions like Hair Revive Extra Strength, Hair Retreva, and Hair A-Gain. It’s important to discuss the potential side effects of these treatments with your doctor.

There is not enough evidence to show that laser treatments, plasma injections, ‘hair tonics’ and nutritional supplements will stimulate hair growth.

Living with hair loss

For some women, hair loss can be incredibly distressing and can affect their self-esteem. Others might accept their hair loss a little more easily.

Some women find that scarves, hats and wigs can help. Others find that synthetic ‘spray-on hair’ products are a clever way to disguise thinning hair.

Where to seek help


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Last reviewed: February 2018

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