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Spinal disorders

Spinal disorders, sometimes known as back problems, can have many causes that may relate to work, sport, injury and disease. Pain is the most common symptom of back problems. Some general treatments such as improving diet, exercise, weight control and reducing smoking may help some back problems. Learn more below about diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that mainly affects your spine. There’s no cure for AS, but treatments can help ease your symptoms.

Back injuries

Back injuries can happen as a result of sudden movements, falls or accidents. Learn to recognise symptoms that could indicate a severe back injury.

Back pain

Back pain is common and affects many people at some point in their life. Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for back pain.

Neck pain

Neck pain

Neck pain is a common condition that can affect anyone. Learn what can cause neck pain and how to treat it here.

Sciatica can lead to pain in the back and legs.


Sciatica is a type of pain in your back and legs. Discover more about the causes, how the symptoms develop and how it's treated.


Scoliosis is the term given to an abnormal curve of your spine. Learn more about scoliosis causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options

Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a condition that affects the normal development of a baby's spine early in pregnancy. Read about causes, diagnosis and support.

Problems with your spinal discs, which sit between each bone of your spine, can lead to back pain.

Spinal disc problems

Problems with your spinal discs can lead to back pain, sciatica and other problems. Learn about the causes and treatment options.

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis, or spinal canal stenosis, is a narrowing of the canal in which the spinal cord sits.


Spondylolisthesis is a problem with the back that can cause lower back pain and muscle tightness. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatment.


Woken up with a stiff and painful neck that’s twisted to one side? You may have torticollis. Learn about its causes, symptoms and treatments.


Whiplash is an injury to the neck. Find out about its causes, diagnosis and treatment.

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