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Glossary of medicines

The following list provides the name of the active ingredient and some brand names for medicines listed on healthdirect.

The active ingredient is the name of the chemical that makes the medicine work. Each medicine can have multiple brand names. These will usually be the original (innovator) brand name as well as one or more generic brand names.

Generic brands of medicines are often less expensive that the original brands, but all brands undergo review by the Therapeutic Goods Administration and generic brands work equally well as the original brands.

The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and the National Prescribing Service (NPS MedicineWise) are useful places to look for more information about medicines.

Individual drugs

The active ingredients and selected brand names for some of the medicines referred on healthinsite are listed below.

  • Adrenaline – (Epinephrine)
  • Alendronate – (Adronat, Alendrobell, Fosamax, Ossmax)
  • Alteplase – (also known as rt-PA) - (Actilyse)
  • Aspirin – (Aspro Clear, Astrix, Cartia, Disprin, Solprin)
  • Aspirin and codeine – (Aspalgin, Dispirin Forte)
  • Atenolol – (Anselol, Noten, Tenormin, Tensig)
  • Atorvastatin – (Atorvachol, Lipitor, Lorstat)
  • Bisacodyl – (Bisalax, Dulcolax, Lax-Tab)
  • Bupropion – (Prexaton, Zyban SR)
  • Charcoal – (Charcotrace, Carbosorb)
  • Celecoxib – (Celebrex)
  • Cetirizine – (Alzene, ZepAllergy, Zilarex, Zyrtec, Zodac)
  • Clopidogrel – (Clovix, Iscover, Plavix)
  • Desloratadine – (Aerius)
  • Dexamethasone (corticosteriod) – (Dexmethsone)
  • Diazepam – (Antenex, Valium, Valpam, Ranzepam)
  • Diclofenac – (Fenac, Voltaren)
  • Dihydrocodeine – (Rikodeine)
  • Dipyridamole – (Persantin)
  • Dipyridamole and aspirin – (Asasantin SR)
  • Docusate – (Coloxyl)
  • Docusate and Senna – (Coloxyl with Senna)
  • Fentanyl – (Actiq, Denpax, Durogesic)
  • Fexofenadine – (Allerfexo, Fexal, Fexotabs, Tefodine,Telfast, Xergic)
  • Fluoxetine – (Prozac, Lovan, Fluohexal, Fluoxebell)
  • Hyoscine – (Buscopan, Kwells, Travacalm HO)
  • Hydroxychloroquine – (Plaquenil)
  • Ibuprofen – (Advil, Brufen, Nurofen, Rafen)
  • Ibuprofen and codeine – (Nurofen Plus, Panafen Plus, Rafen Plus)
  • Kalma – (Alprazolam)
  • Levocetirizine – (Xyzal)
  • Leflunomide – (Arabloc, Arava)
  • Liquid paracetamol – (Children's Panadol, Dymadon Drops, Panamax Elixir)
  • Loperamide – (Diacare, Diareze, Gastro-Stop, Harmonise,  Imodium, Lopedium)
  • Loratadine – (Alledine, Allerdyne, Allereze, Claratyne, Lorano, Lorastyne)
  • Meloxicam – (Meloxibell, Mobic, Movalis, Moxicam)
  • Memantine – (Ebixa, Memanxa)
  • Methotrexate – (Methoblastin)
  • Metoclopramide – (Maxolon, Pramin)
  • Omeprazole – (Acimax, Losec, Omepral)
  • Oxycodone – (Endone, OxyContin, Targin)
  • Pantoprazole – Ozpan, Panto, Pantofast, Pantoloc, Salpraz, Somac)
  • Paracetamol – (Panadol, Panamax, Febridol)
  • Paracetamol and codeine – (Codalgin, Panamax Co, Panadeine, Panadeine Forte, Prodeine 15)
  • Pheniramine – (Avil)
  • Prednisolone (corticosteriod oral) – (Panafcortelone, Predmix, Predsolone, Redipred, Solone)
  • Prednisone – (Lodotra, Panafcort, Predsone, Sone)
  • Prochlorperazine – (Procalm, Prozine, Stemetil, Stemzine)
  • Promethazine – (Allersoothe, Fenezal, Phenergan)
  • Ranitidine – (Ausran, Rani 2, Zantac, Ultac, Ranoxyl, Ulcaid)
  • Rehydration Fluid – (Gastrolyte, Hydralyte)
  • Senna – (Sennetabs)
  • Sulfasalazine – (Pyralin EN, Salazopyrin, Salazopyrin-EN)
  • Tamoxifen – (Nolvadex, Tamosin)
  • Ticlopidine – (Tilodene)
  • Tramadol – (Lodam, Tramal, Tramedo, Tramahexal, Zydol)
  • Trastuzumab – (Herceptin)
  • Warfarin – (Coumadin, Marevan)
Last reviewed: 
February, 2013