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Sigmoidoscopy

Sigmoidoscopy is a procedure to look inside the rectum and sigmoid (lower) colon for polyps (small pieces of bulging tissue), abnormal areas, or cancer.

A sigmoidoscope is inserted through the rectum into the sigmoid colon. A sigmoidoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove polyps or tissue samples, which are checked under a microscope for signs of cancer.

Last reviewed: September 2016

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About colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is a procedure to visually examine the bowel. People who receive a positive screening result will generally be referred for a colonoscopy.

Read more on Department of Health website

Colonoscopy: examination of the colon - myDr.com.au

A colonoscopy is an examination of the colon (large bowel), using a colonoscope a long, thin, flexible tube containing a camera and a light.

Read more on myDr website

Calprotectin - Lab Tests Online AU

To detect inflammation in the intestines; to distinguish betweeninflammatory bowel disease (IBD)and non-inflammatory bowel conditions; to monitor IBD activity

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Ulcerative colitis - myDr.com.au

Ulcerative colitis affects people of all ages, but usually starts between 15 and 30 years. There is another (smaller) peak in diagnosis between the ages of 50 and 70 years.

Read more on myDr website

Colorectal (Bowel) Cancer Screening

Home Information for Consumers General Information About Diagnostic Imaging Colorectal (Bowel) Cancer Screening

Read more on Diagnostic Imaging Pathways website

Haemorrhoids - myDr.com.au

Haemorrhoids are enlarged, congested veins just under the surface tissue of your rectum or anus. About 50 per cent of adults have had them by the time they turn 50.

Read more on myDr website

Bowel cancer - myDr.com.au

Bowel cancer - the second most common type of cancer affecting both men and women in Australia - is cancer that starts in the large bowel (colon) or rectum.

Read more on myDr website

Colon polyps (bowel polyps) - myDr.com.au

Colon (bowel) polyps are small growths of tissue from the wall of the large bowel or colon. Polyps usually don't cause symptoms, but are normally removed so they don't cause cancer.

Read more on myDr website

Flatulence (gas)

Medical information about cause of flatulence gas and cure of flatulence commonly called farting.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Crohn's disease - myDr.com.au

Crohn's disease is a long-term inflammatory condition that affects the gastrointestinal tract. Most cases of Crohn's disease are diagnosed between the ages of about 15 and 30.

Read more on myDr website

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