What is a urologist?
Urologists are surgeons who specialise in treating problems of the kidneys, bladder, urethra and adrenal glands in men, women and children.
A cystoscopy – when a doctor looks inside your bladder using a small camera – can help in diagnosing conditions that affect the bladder.
Spina bifida is a birth defect that affects a baby’s spine from early pregnancy. Ensuring enough folate in the diet is the best way to reduce the risk of spina bifida.
Bladder cancer affects about 3,000 Australians annually and is commoner in people over 60 and in men. It can be treated if found early.
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men. Having symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have it, but a doctor should still investigate.