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Oral-facial cleft lip and palate

1-minute read

Oral-facial clefts are birth defects in which the tissues of the mouth or lip don't form properly during foetal development. About 1 in 800 children born in Australia will have an oral-facial cleft. The majority of children born with an oral-facial cleft have no other birth defects.

Both cleft lip and cleft palate are treatable. Most children born with either or both of these conditions can have reconstructive surgery while they're still infants to correct the defect and significantly improve their facial appearance.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about cleft lip and cleft palate.

Last reviewed: August 2016

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Cleft lip and cleft palate | Raising Children Network

The clear and simple guide for parents explains cleft lip and cleft palate in young children, covering causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention.

Read more on Raising Children Network website

Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Cleft lip and palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate may occur together or separately in a newborn child. Most cleft problems can either be found at the routine 20 - 24 week ultrasound examination, or at birth. A cleft lip affects a baby's and child's appearance, and a cleft palatecan lead to feeding problems, speech and hearing problems, ear infections, dental decay, jaw development problems and psychosocial issues.

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Cleft lip and palate

A cleft lip and/or cleft palate occurs when separate areas of the baby’s face do not join together properly when developing during pregnancy. Learn more here.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Cleft Lip Palate Feeding Bottles and Teats | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Pigeon cleft palate teats and squeeze bottles: The teats are Y- cut and have an air valve

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Cleft Palate - Special Needs Feeders | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Using the Pigeon Cleft Palate Teat Step 1: Ensure that the white milk flow regulator is always used with the teat

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Cleft lip and/or palate - feeding your baby | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Sucking is an important skill that babies need in order to feed well

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Pierre Robin syndrome (Pierre Robin sequence) information | myVMC

Pierre Robin syndrome is a birth defect which causes abnormally small lower jaw, downward displacement of the tongue, and cleft palate.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Reconstructive Surgery: An Introduction | myVMC

Reconstructive surgery refers to plastic surgery which is performed on body parts which are abnormal, either in terms of their shape (disfigured) or function (dysfunctional).

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Head & neck cancers

Head and neck cancer is a general term used to refer to a range of different cancers that start developing in the head and neck region of the body. This includes the oral cavity, the tongue, palate, jaw, salivary glands, the throat (larynx) and the nose.

Read more on Cancer Council Victoria website

Trisomy disorders

Genes are the blueprint for our bodies. Almost every cell in the body has a copy of the blueprint, stored inside a sac called the nucleus. Genes are beaded along chromosomes, which are tightly bundled strands of the chemical substance deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Humans usually have 23 pairs of chromosomes, with two sex chromosomes that decide gender and 44 chromosomes that dictate other factors, such as growth and function.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

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