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Hernia types

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There are a number of different types of hernia, including:

  • Hiatus hernia, occurs when part of the stomach pushes up into the chest through the opening in the diaphragm (layer of muscle separating the stomach from the chest) where the oesophagus passes through.
  • Inguinal hernia, occurs when the bowel or other abdominal tissue pushes through the abdominal wall muscle near the inguinal canal (a canal through a ligament in the area of the groin). These are more common in men.
  • Umbilical hernia, occurs when the bowel or abdominal tissue pushes through the abdominal wall muscle near the belly button (naval). These are more common in newborns.
  • Incisional hernia, occurs when the bowel or other abdominal tissue pushes through a weakened spot in the abdominal wall muscle where previous surgery or trauma has occurred.
  • Femoral hernias, occurs when the bowel or other abdominal tissue pushes through the abdominal wall at the femoral canal (a canal through a ligament in the area where the leg joins the body). These are more common in women.
  • Epigastric hernias, occurs when the abdominal fat pushes through the abdominal wall muscle between the naval and below the rib cage.

Last reviewed: April 2017

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Hiatus hernia: diagnosis and treatment - myDr.com.au

Hiatus hernia is often diagnosed when doctors investigate reflux with an endoscopy or barium X-ray. The hiatus hernia can show up as a bulge positioned between the oesophagus and your stomach.

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Most hiatus hernias don't cause any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, the most common are heartburn and regurgitation of stomach acid into the mouth.

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If you have heartburn or reflux arising from a hiatus hernia, there are a number of self-care measures, such as changes to your diet, that can help ease your symptoms.

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