If you have a fit or seizure or fall unconscious, even if its only for a second, you should call triple zero (000) and ask for an ambulance.
If you are bleeding and it won’t stop, or if you have fluid coming from your nose or ears, you should go to your nearest emergency department immediately.
You should seek medical advice if you:
- have trouble seeing, hearing or speaking properly
- having a headache which is getting worse or won’t go away
- having difficulty seeing or hearing
- being confused or acting strangely
- having difficulty staying awake
- having pupils which are a different size to each other
- losing your balance or feeling dizzy
- losing your memory.
You should also see your doctor if:
- you develop any other new symptoms
- you become increasingly concerned
Otherwise, sit quietly and use an icepack. You need someone with you to watch you closely for 24 hours (or 48 hours for children or older people). You can take paracetamol, but not other painkillers.
There is no need to stay awake following a head injury. The injured person needs to be woken gently every 4 hours to make sure they respond normally. If they don’t, they should go to the nearest emergency department.
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Last reviewed: August 2017