The symptoms of gout are:
- pain in a joint, which can be quite severe
- swelling around the joint, which is tender to the touch, even of clothing
- warmth and redness of the skin over the affected joint
- restricted movement of the joint
The big toe is the joint most commonly affected, although the hands, wrists, knees, ankles, elbows or any other joint can be affected.
Frequent attacks of gout can cause irreversible damage to the joint and the nearby bone. Over the long term, recurrent attacks can also cause kidney stones, kidney damage and tophi - solid lumps of urate crystals, especially on the ears, fingers, hands, forearms, knees and elbows.
Last reviewed: December 2017