To discreetly investigate all notifiable infectious disease cases, ensure that the potential for spread is minimised and educate patients and their families to facilitate a quick recovery.
Description of Service
Health Act 1958. Notifiable diseases are investigated by council's Environmental Health Officers with a view to preventing recurrences, minimising spread and educating patients and their families to facilitate a quick recovery. All investigations are carried out discreetly and patient information is kept confidential.
All data collected is conveyed to the Human Services Department of Victoria and any leads which may indicate further spread are followed up.
The following list is some common infectious diseases frequently investigated by environmental health officers.
COMMON INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Campylobacter – Campylobacter gastroenteritis is a type of food poisoning caused by the bacteria Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Campylobacter bacteria can be found in or on:
-- raw poultry, raw meats
-- unpasteurised milk
-- untreated water
-- puppies and kittens
-- wild animals and birds
Salmonella – There are numerous serotypes of Salmonella that are pathogenic for both animals and man. Salmonella is a bacterial disease commonly manifested by an acute inflammation of the small and large intestine. The bacteria originate in the bowel, intestine of humans and animals (especially chickens), raw foods and untreated water.
Staphylococcus Aureus – This bacteria originates on skin, nose, saliva and in the bowel of humans. Symptoms usually occur abruptly and sometimes violent, with severe nausea, cramps and vomiting.
Listeria Monocytogenes – Listeria infection (Listeriosis) is an illness caused by eating contaminated with bacteria called Listeria monocytogenes. Those most at risk are pregnant women and the immuno-compromised.
Giardiasis – Giardia infection causes an illness called Giardiasis. This is a bowel infection caused by a tiny protozoan organism called Giardia lamblia.
Ross River Virus & Barmah Forest Virus – Ross River Virus and Barmah Forest Virus cause epidemic polyarthritis. They are the most important mosquito-borne viruses in Western Australia in terms of human disease. The two viruses have similar life cycles and cause similar symptoms in people.
For further information on the symptoms, how do you get these diseases and how do you protect yourself from these diseases, visit
Children are required under the Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1990 to be excluded from school, day care or creche until they have been treated. A child can be treated one evening and return to school the next day.